PROTECTIVE ORDERS

Do-It-Yourself Personal Protection Order (PPO) Resource from Michigan Legal Help

A Personal Protection Order (PPO) is a court order to stop threats or violence against you. A PPO can help protect you from someone who is threatening, hurting, harassing, or stalking you. You can get a PPO if you have a reasonable fear for your personal liberty or safety.

There are three types of PPOs: (1) Domestic Relationship PPO; (2) Nondomestic (Stalking) PPO; and (3) Nondomestic Sexual Assault PPO.

If you are given a PPO by the Court, be sure to keep a copy of your PPO with you at all times. Planning for your safety is a top priority–be sure to have a safety plan to protect yourself. A safety plan includes things like: (1) Important telephone numbers; (2) Identification of places to go when you don’t feel safe; (3) A specific escape plan; and (4) A list of things to take with you if you have to suddenly leave.

DOMESTIC RELATIONSHIP PPO

Michigan Legal Help Toolkit for Domestic Relationship PPO

To get a domestic relationship PPO, you must show the judge that the abuser is likely to assault, threaten, harass, or stalk you. You must also show that you and the abuser have a domestic relationship. You have a domestic relationship with the abuser if they are: (1) Your current or ex-spouse; (2) Your child’s other parent; (3) Someone you live with now or used to live with; or (4) Someone you have dated romantically.

A domestic relationship PPO can prohibit the abuser from:

  • Entering your home or another place
  • Assaulting, attacking, beating, molesting, or wounding you or another person
  • Threatening to kill or physically injure you or another person
  • Removing your children from you if you have legal custody of them
  • Buying or having a gun
  • Interfering with you removing your children or personal property from a place the abuser owns or leases
  • Interfering with you at your job or school, or acting in a way that harms your job or school relationships or environment
  • Having access to your home/work address or telephone number in records that concern a child of both of yours
  • Stalking you
  • Intentionally causing you mental distress or controlling you by harming or threatening to harm an animal you own, taking the animal from you, or keeping it from you
  • Any other specific act or behavior that interferes with your personal freedom or makes you reasonably afraid of violence

NONDOMESTIC (STALKING) PPO

Michigan Legal Help Toolkit for a NonDomestic Stalking PPO

The purpose of a nondomestic PPO is to protect you from stalking or harassing behavior if you and the abuser don’t have a domestic relationship. To get a stalking PPO, you must show that there have been at least two incidents of harassment. Harassment is contact you don’t want. It has no valid purpose and causes you emotional harm or fear. It is also something that would cause a reasonable person to suffer emotional harm or fear. This could include following you, making unwanted phone calls or texts, or showing up repeatedly at your home or work.

Cyberstalking is electronic stalking. It could mean the abuser posted messages about you or sent messages to you through the internet, a computer, or another electronic means without your consent.

A nondomestic PPO can prohibit the abuser from:

  • Following you or appearing within your sight
  • Approaching or confronting you
  • Appearing at your work or home
  • Going onto or staying on property you own, rent, or occupy
  • Calling you
  • Sending you mail or other messages
  • Placing an object on or delivering an object to property you own, rent, or occupy
  • Threatening to kill or hurt you
  • Buying or having a gun
  • Cyberstalking you
  • Other specific stalking behavior that you want the judge to prohibit

NONDOMESTIC SEXUAL ASSAULT PPO

Michigan Legal Help Toolkit for a NonDomestic Sexual Assault PPO

The purpose of a nondomestic sexual assault PPO is to protect you from a person who has sexually assaulted you or threatened to sexually assault you when you do not have a domestic relationship with that person. If you are under 18, sexual assault includes giving you obscene material.

A nondomestic sexual assault PPO can prohibit the abuser from:

  • Threatening to sexually assault, kill, or hurt you or another person
  • Following you or appearing within your sight
  • Appearing at your work or home
  • Approaching or confronting you
  • Entering your home or another place
  • Going onto or staying on property you own, rent, or occupy
  • Calling you
  • Sending you mail or other messages
  • Cyberstalking you
  • Buying or having a gun
  • Interfering with you removing your children or personal property from a place the abuser owns or leases
  • Interfering with you at your job or school, or acting in a way that harms your job or school relationships or environment
  • Placing objects on or delivering them to property that you own, lease, or occupy
  • Any other specific act or behavior that interferes with your personal freedom or makes you reasonably afraid of violence